EMDR – Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing
The therapeutic approach that we will focus on this week is a non traditional method which is rising to prominence and has a track record of success.
Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a form of psychotherapy that was developed to resolve symptoms resulting from disturbing and unresolved life experiences.
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EMDR is thought to imitate the psychological state that we enter into when in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Studies show that when in REM sleep we are able to make new associations between things very rapidly – EMDR taps into this high speed processing mode that we all have but often can’t access. EMDR has also been found to benefit children along with adults.
The theory is that EMDR works directly with memory networks and enhances information processing by creating associations between the distressing memory and more adaptive information in other memory networks.
During EMDR the client is subjected to emotionally disturbing material in sharp, subsequent doses whilst also focusing on an external stimulus. New associations are formed and it helps eliminate emotional trauma or distress.
After successful treatment with EMDR therapy, affective distress should be relieved, negative beliefs are reformulated, and physiological arousal is reduced.
More than 30 positive controlled outcome studies have been done on EMDR therapy. These experiments have tested this non-traditional form of therapy and some results of the studies show 84%-90% of single-trauma victims no longer have post-traumatic stress disorder after only three 90-minute sessions whilst another study (funded by the HMO Kaiser Permanente) discovered that 100% of the single-trauma victims and 77% of multiple trauma victims no longer were diagnosed with PTSD after only six 50-minute sessions.
There has been so much research on EMDR therapy that it is now recognised as an effective form of treatment for trauma by organisations such as the the World Health Organisation and the American Psychiatric Association.
Over 100,000 clinicians throughout the world use the therapy. Millions of people have been treated successfully over the past 25 years.
EMDR is often used for the treatment of: